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Gal. } It was originally home of the ancient civilization of the Hittites, but came to be occupied by Gallic Celts in the 3rd century BC, hence Galatia, or "Gallia of the East." Original Bible History Online - Visit the original site 1999-2016. History It was Maps & Geography Acts 16:1-6 - 1 - Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father [was] a Greek: Which was well reported of by the brethren that were at Lystra and Iconium. This province was called by the Romans Galatia, as being the kingdom of Amyntas (just like the province Asia, which also consisted of a number of different countries as diverse and alien as those of province Galatia, and was so called because the Romans popularly and loosely spoke of the kings of that congeries of countries as kings of Asia). Recent archaeological discoveries suggest that the province of Galatia would have included the regions of Pisidia, Phrygia, Lycaonia, and Pamphylia at that time. 4. The name occurs in 1 Corinthians 16:1 Galatians 1:2 1 Peter 1:1, and perhaps 2 Timothy 4:10. } (B.C. This province included not only the ethnic Gauls of the north but also such cities as Galatian Antioch, Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe in the south. regio Lycaonia Galatica,(2) the Phrygian and Galatic region, i.e. Asia Minor was a Roman province during this time. "Galatic region" has a different connotation from "Galatia"; and, even if we should find that geographically it was equivalent, the writer had some reason for using that special form.2. As is clear from the map, Galatia was located in the center of Anatolia, sandwiched between Asia and Cappadocia. Wars with Mithridates, and subsequent Roman intervention, secured an ousted Nicomedes on his own throne on more than … Cunliffe, B. It has been called the "Gallia" of the East; Roman writers calling its inhabitants Galli ( Gauls or Celts ). Four Cities of Galatia During Paul’s time, Galatia was a Roman province in central Asia Minor, now known as Turkey. Ancient Galatia A Province of the Roman Empire with Ancyra as the Acts 18:23 Having spent some time there, he departed, and went through the region of Galatia, and Phrygia, in order, establishing all the disciples. The ancient name originated from the Latin “Gallia,” the land of the Gauls of western Europe. The Celts were offered the region by the king of neighboring Bithynia, Nicomedes I (r. 278-255 BCE) and established themselves in three provinces made up of four cantons (wards) comprised of city-states (known as oppidum) governed, respectively, by the three tribes which made up the initial group: the Tectosages, Tr… .soc-icon { 35; later chroniclers, Syncellus, Eutropius, and Hist. display: inline-block; Ancient Israel Gomer is mentioned in Ezekiel 38:6 3. Paul's Use of "Galatians. People in History Amyntas had ruled also parts of Phrygia, Pisidia, Lycaonia and Isauria. Acts 13:14 - But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down. Invited from Europe to participate in a Bithynian civil war (278 bc), the Gallic horde plagued western Anatolia until checked by the Seleucid king Antiochus I at the so-called Elephant Battle (275 bc). Galatia, ancient district in central Anatolia that was occupied early in the 3rd century bc by Celtic tribes, whose bands of marauders created havoc among neighbouring Hellenistic states. fourth century A.D. Jerome says that the speech of the Galatians resembles the 230), and compelled them to settle down within the limits of the country Map of Asia Minor in the first century A.D. showing Galatia, Cappadocia, Cilicia, and other regions. The Roman Province:This large province was divided into regiones for administrative purposes; and the regiones coincided roughly with the old national divisions Pisidia, Phrygia (including Antioch, Iconium, Apollonia), Lycaonia (including Derbe, Lystra and a district organized on the village-system), etc. Tylis), who settled here and became its ruling caste in the 3rd century BC, following the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC. The Ancient Celts. 1 Corinthians 16:1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I commanded the assemblies of Galatia, you do likewise. background: #F7F7F7 !important; (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Ancient Documents Two Senses of Name:"Galatia" was a name used in two different senses during the 1st century after Christ:(1) GeographicalTo designate a country in the north part of the central plateau of Asia Minor, touching Paphlagonia and Bithynia North, Phrygia West and South, Cappadocia and Pontus Southeast and East, about the headwaters of the Sangarios and the middle course of the Halys;(2) PoliticalTo designate a large province of the Roman empire, including not merely the country Galatia, but also Paphlagonia and parts of Pontus, Phrygia, Pisidia, Lycaonia and Isauria. A century later, Julius Caesar completely rebuilt the city. Map of Old Testament Israel, Map of Biblical Archaeology padding: 30px 0; Messianic Prophecies Acts (but not Paul) mentions Pauline activity in places like Pisidian Antioch and Lystra, which are in the lower central part of Galatia, but identifies them by ethnic names (Pisidia, Lycaonia) not by the provincial name, Galatia. Soon after the northeastern portion known as Pontus was separated from Galatia. } } On this occasion the contribution to the poor of Jerusalem was instituted, and the proceeds later were carried by Timothy and Gaius of Derbe (Acts 20:4; Acts 24:17 1 Corinthians 16:1); this was a device to bind the new churches to the original center of the faith.2. In the 4th century CE, Saint Jerome (347 – 420 CE) remarked upon similarities between the language of the Galatians and the Celts in Treverorum (Trier). 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